لَا أُقْسِمُ بِهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ
NAY! I call to witness this land – (1)
وَأَنْتَ حِلٌّ بِهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ
this land in which thou art free to dwell – (2)
وَوَالِدٍ وَمَا وَلَدَ
and [I call to witness] parent and offspring: (3)
لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي كَبَدٍ
Verily, We have created man into [a life of] pain, toil, and trial. (4)
أَيَحْسَبُ أَنْ لَنْ يَقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ أَحَدٌ
Does he, then, think that no one has power over him? (5)
يَقُولُ أَهْلَكْتُ مَالًا لُبَدًا
He boasts, "I have spent wealth abundant!" (6)
أَيَحْسَبُ أَنْ لَمْ يَرَهُ أَحَدٌ
Does he, then, think that no one sees him? (7)
أَلَمْ نَجْعَلْ لَهُ عَيْنَيْنِ
Have We not given him two eyes, (8)
and a tongue, and a pair of lips, (9)
and shown him the two highways [of good and evil]? (10)
فَلَا اقْتَحَمَ الْعَقَبَةَ
But he would not try to ascend the steep uphill road.... (11)
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْعَقَبَةُ
And what could make thee conceive what it is, that steep uphill road? (12)
[It is] the freeing of one's neck [from the burden of sin], (13)
أَوْ إِطْعَامٌ فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي مَسْغَبَةٍ
or the feeding, upon a day of [one's own] hunger, (14)
يَتِيمًا ذَا مَقْرَبَةٍ
of an orphan near of kin, (15)
أَوْ مِسْكِينًا ذَا مَتْرَبَةٍ
or of a needy [stranger] lying in the dust – (16)
ثُمَّ كَانَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْمَرْحَمَةِ
and being, withal, of those who have attained to faith, and who enjoin upon one another patience in adversity, and enjoin upon one another compassion. (17)
أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ
Such are they that have attained to righteousness; (18)
وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا هُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ
whereas those who are bent on denying the truth of Our messages – they are such as have lost themselves in evil, (19)
عَلَيْهِمْ نَارٌ مُؤْصَدَةٌ
[with] fire closing in upon them. (20)
And what will explain to thee the path that is steep?-
— Abdullah Yusuf Ali
Ah, what will convey unto thee what the Ascent is! -
— Marmaduke Pickthall
And what will make you comprehend what the uphill road is?
— M. Habib Shakir
And what will make you know the path that is steep?
— Taqiuddin Hilali and M. Mohsin Khan
And what shall make thee understand that which the steep is?
— Abdul-Majid Daryabadi
What could let you know what the height is!
— Hasan Qaribullah and Ahmed Darwish
and what teaches thee what the steep is?
— Ayub Khan
And what should make thee know what the steep ascent is?
— Sher Ali
And what could make thee conceive what it is, that steep uphill road?
— Muhammad Asad
and what shall teach thee what is the steep?
— Arthur Arberry
And what do you know what that difficult steep is?
— Abu'l Ala Maududi